Value Chain Analysis of Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola is a soda and soft drink manufacturing American multinational corporation. John Stitch Pemberton founded the cola drink company in 1886. Today, we’ll discuss the value chain analysis of Coca-Cola; and the primary and supporting activities involved in the process of value chain analysis. They’re inbound and outbound logistics, operations, marketing, and services; infrastructure, HRM, technological development, and procurement of soft drink Companies as an application of value chain analysis.

Products and services of Coca-Cola

  • Glaceau Vitamin Water
  • Coke Zero
  • Suge
  • Ciel
  • Fair Life
  • Mellow Yellow
  • Georgia
  • Honest Tea
  • Powerade
  • Sprite
  • Glaceau Smartwater
  • Dasani
  • Beverages
  • Golden Peak Tea
  • Coca-cola
  • Zico
  • Diet Coke
  • Del Valle
  • Odwalla
  • Fanta
  • Minute Maid

Subsidiaries of Coca-Cola

  • Limca
  • Thumbs Up
  • Coca-Cola AG, Deutschland
  • Coca-Cola du Canada, Ltée
  • Embotelladora Andina
  • Coca-Cola Bottling Co.
  • Coca-Cola Içecek
  • Refreshment Products Finland Oy
  • Coca-Cola Bottling Shqipëria

Statistical facts and figures of Coca-Cola

  • Annual revenue – 45.030 billion USD (2023)
  • Net income – 10.772 billion USD (2023)
  • Employees – 83000
  • Net worth – 92.07 billion USD (2023)

Top competitors of Coca-Cola

  • Dr. Pepper Snapple
  • Nestle
  • Redbull
  • Gatorade
  • Mountain Dew
  • Pepsi
  • Parle

The value chain analysis of Coca-Cola would analyze the primary and supporting activities in the process of value chain analysis. They’re inbound and outbound logistics, operations, marketing, and services; infrastructure, HRM, technology, and procurement. Here’s Coca-Cola value chain analysis company example as follows;

Value Chain Analysis of Coca-Cola

Let’s discuss the primary and supporting activities involved in the process of value chain analysis of Coca-Cola. It is an application of value chain analysis based on Porter’s model; some of the key elements and components of value chain analysis are as follows;

Primary Activities of Coca-Cola

Some of the key elements and components involved in the primary activities of the Coca-Cola value chain analysis process are as follows;

Inbound Logistics of Coca-Cola

The inbound logistics focuses on the inward flow and receiving raw supplies and materials from the suppliers and vendors for the production of soft drinks. Coca-Cola deals with hundreds of suppliers and bottlers across the world to ensure the smooth supply of materials and supplies and decrease risk factors.

I-Material Sourcing

The main ingredient in the Coca-Cola’s soft drink is water. The company rarely faces any type of issue or problem in accessing the raw materials or water.

However, HFCS (high fructose corn syrup) is the other main ingredient and raw material that the company uses. The company procures it from US-based suppliers and vendors and receives it through trucks and other road transport.

II-International Sourcing

Coca-Cola needs to source and procure some ingredients and raw materials from international suppliers for its fresh juice drinks. For instance, the company sources the orange juice concentrate or the orange juice from Brazil, Southern Hemisphere, or Florida. The company employs inbound logistical channels like Trucks or Ships for international procurement. The focus of the soft drink company is to deal with diverse suppliers and vendors.

Outbound Logistics of Coca-Cola

I-Distribution Channels

Coca-Cola has established a very strong worldwide distribution network comprising over 200 countries across the world. The company employs various distribution controlled by the brand like; retailers, wholesalers, distributors, and bottling partners. For instance, the company employs manual distribution outbound logistics channels comprising over 2500 manual distribution businesses.

II-Bottling Partners

Some of the main independent bottling partners of the soft drink company in different geographical regions are as follows;

  • Swire Beverages – Taiwan, Hong Kong, China, and 7 other provinces
  • New CCE – Sweden, Norway, Netherlands, Monaco, Luxembourg, Great Britain, Continental France, Belgium
  • Arca Continental – Northern Argentina, Ecuador, Mexico
  • HBC AG Coca-Cola – Ukraine, Switzerland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Serbia, Russia, Romania, Ireland, Poland, Nigeria, Montenegro, Moldova, Lithuania, Latvia, Italy, Greece, Hungry, Macedonia, Estonia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Croatia, Bulgaria, Bosnia, Belarus, Austria, Armenia
  • FEMSA Coca-Cola – Philippines, Western Argentina, Venezuela, Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia, Guatemala, Brazil, Mexico

Operations of Coca-Cola

I-Bottling Partners

From the legal and administrative point of view, Coca-Cola doesn’t conduct its operations solely. The company manufactures 3 elements (Syrup, beverage bases, and concentrate) for the bottling partners. However, the focus of Coca-Cola is to perform marketing and branding and maintain the ownership of the company. The role of bottling partners is producing, merchandising, packaging, and distributing the finished products to the end consumers and vendors.

II-Operational Divisions

Coca-Cola has segmented its operations into various divisions and they’re as follows;

  • Corporate
  • Bottling Investment
  • Asia Pacific
  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • Africa
  • Eurasia

Marketing & Sales of Coca-Cola

I-Integration Marketing

Coca-Cola implements an integrated marketing strategy and it means running various marketing and advertisement campaigns at once like; PR, event, sales promotion, and advertising. Launching marketing and promotional campaigns on multiple fronts helps the company to increase its reach and sales.

II-Happy Association

Coca-Cola has established a brand image of a happy, joyful, and active lifestyle. The soft drink brand highlights these elements while promoting and advertising its products and drinks. However, the company offers a wide variety of drinks to satisfy the needs of multiple customers.

Services of Coca-Cola

I-Customer Service

Coca-Cola offers customer service in the form of chats and calls to the company’s agent or representative. The FAQs (frequently asked questions) section of the company’s web platforms covers wide areas of topics and common questions.

Supporting Activities of Coca-Cola

Some of the key elements and components involved in the supporting activities of the Coca-Cola value chain analysis process are as follows;

Infrastructure of Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola has established a strong organizational structure to successfully manage and run its operations. The company’s infrastructure focuses on planning, productivity, and efficiency. Along with growth and productivity, the company engages in green activities and offers healthy drink options to customers.

Human Resources Management of Coca-Cola

HRM is a highly significant area of Coca-Cola and it focuses on hiring, recruiting, training, and developing talent for organizational growth and productivity. In order to boost the morale and confidence level of employees, they offer rewards and compensations. It also provides career growth opportunities to the employees to earn their commitment and loyalty.

Technological Development of Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola invests a significant amount of capital resources in research and technological development. It focuses on sales, productivity, and distribution. In fact, the soft drink company has established 6 R&D centers by integrating with the following;

  • University researchers
  • Tech startups
  • Partners
  • External technology and assessment hubs

The soft drink brand coordinates with various partners to bring innovation in products, equipment, and packaging.

Procurement of Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola sources and procures water, raw supplies, and materials from local and international suppliers. The company deals with a diverse range of suppliers and partners to decrease the risk factor and ensure the smooth supply of raw ingredients.

Conclusion: Coca-Cola Value Chain Analysis Company Example |Application of Value Chain Analysis Process 

After an in-depth study of the value chain analysis of Coca-Cola; we have realized that Coca-Cola is the world’s leading soft drink manufacturing brand. If you are learning about the Coca-Cola value chain analysis company example; then you should keep in mind the abovementioned primary and supporting activities involved in the process of value chain analysis. They’re inbound and outbound logistics, operations, marketing, and services; infrastructure, procurement, HRM, and technology as an application of value chain analysis.

References 

  1. https://scminsight.com/coca-cola-reverse-logistics/
  2. https://ir.bdu.edu.et/handle/123456789/14153
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  5. https://ominthenews.com/coca-cola-using-reverse-vending-machines-for-recycling/-0
  6. https://www.scribd.com/presentation/474997627/Reverse-Logistics-pptx#
  7. https://www.coca-colacompany.com/media-center/the-coca-cola-company-and-jd-com-partner-to-explore-new-recycling-program-in-china
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